An Indigo Industrial Ecology Paper
Creating systems solutions for sustainable development through industrial ecology

Industrial Ecology Bibliography

General books and reports
IE Methods
Industrial Ecosystems and Eco-Industrial Parks
Sustainable Agriculture

General Books and Reports

Allenby, Braden R., and Deanna J. Richards. The Greening of Industrial Ecosystems. Washington: National Academy Press, 1994.
A collection of papers developing the context of industrial ecology with chapters on energy, wastes, pollution prevention, law, economics, and the role of government. Includes good summaries of design for environment, industrial metabolism, and dynamic input-ouput modeling. Articles also report on applications of industrial ecology in the auto industry and telecommunications. The book concludes by identifying future research and education roles of universities and institutes. The full text is online at the National Academy Press web site. (You need a browser with frames capability, such as Netscape 3.0 or higher):

Ayres, Robert U. and Ayres, Leslie. 1996. Industrial Ecology : Towards Closing the Materials Cycle. Edward Elgar Publishers, London.

Ausubel, Jesse H. and Sladovich, Hedy E. ed., 1989. Technology and Environment, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Proceedings of the first conference on industrial ecology, sponsored by National Academy of Engineering. Includes articles on industrial metabolism, dematerialization, energy, economic implications, and educational challenges.

Erkman, Suren. 1995. Ecologie industrielle, métabolisme industriel, et société d'utilisation. A major study supported by the Foundation for the Progress of Humanity, Paris.. Dr. Erkman has gathered information on the evolution and application of industrial ecology in Europe, North America, and Asia.
Erkman, Suren. Industrial Ecology: A Historical View, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 4, Number 4, an industrial ecology special issue, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

Graedel, T.E., and B.R. Allenby. Industrial Ecology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995.
This is the first university textbook on industrial ecology. It offers a strong overview of the environmental concerns generated by industry's impact on natural systems ranging from global to local scales. In terms of methodology, the work focuses on lifecycle assessment and design for environment, giving a very detailed description of the matrix approaches developed by these authors. It does not cover the work of Ayres, Duchin, or Stahel. The text concludes with forward-looking topics, including organizational opportunities and constraints, standards, and new enabling technologies.

Hall, Charles S. Cleveland, Cutler J. Kaufmann, Robert.1986. Energy and Resource Quality: The Ecology of the Economic Process. John Wiley & Sons, New York. The expression 'industrial ecosystems', and more importantly the full concept of industrial ecology, appears in this work. It is probably one of the very first occurrences of this concept in the published literature. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

JETRO, "Ecofactory - Concept and R&D Themes," special issue, New Technology, FY 1992, Japan External Trade Organization, Tokyo. Report based on work of the Ecofactory Research Group of the Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Environment, Health and Safety Committee, 1995. "White Paper on Sustainable Development and Industrial Ecology" (See IEEE organizations\ for access.) World Wide Web site for IEEE White paper:

Leff, Enrique. 1995. Green Production: Toward an Environmental Rationality. Guilford Press. NY. a volume in the Center for Political Ecology's series, Democracy and Ecology. "an ambitious attempt to understand the social and ecological bases and consequences of production in general and the production of agricultural goods in developing countries, in particular." -- review in J of Industrial Ecology, 2:1.

Lowe, Ernest, Warren, John, and Moran, Stephen. 1997. Discovering Industrial Ecology: an executive briefing and sourcebook. Battelle Press, Cleveland, OH. (A new edition of the The Source of Value. Prepared for U.S. EPA Futures Group under a cooperative agreement with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.)

O'Rourke, D., L. Connelly, and C.P. Koshland. "Industrial Ecology: A Critical Review." International Journal of Environment Pollution (IJEP) 6, no. 2/3 (1996): 89-112.  "We will introduce and critique IE's primary concepts and analyze weaknesses and "holes" in IE's conceptual framework."

Meadows, Donella, Meadows, Dennis and Randers. Jorgen. 1992. Beyond the Limits: Confronting Global Collapse, Envisioning a Sustainable Future. White River Junction,VT: Chelsea Green Publishers, 1992.

National Academy of Sciences, Proceedings, February 1 1992. An NAS colloquium on industrial ecology in May, 1991 including papers by industry, government and academic contributors. 2101 Constitution Avenue NW Washington DC 20418 Sales: 202-334-2525

Richards, Deanna and Fullerton, Ann, Ed., Industrial Ecology: U.S.-Japan Perspectives. National Academy of Engineering, Washington DC, 1994.

Richards, Deanna J., Ed. 1997. The Industrial Green Game : Implications for Environmental Design and Management. National Academy Press. Washington DC.

Socolow, R., C. Andrews, F. Berkhout, and V. Thomas. Industrial Ecology and Global Change. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Focuses on how humankind can continue to industrialize without disrupting and destroying natural ecological systems. Directed toward readers who have the desire to participate in effectively implementing appropriate strategies. Five main sections discuss: (1) the industrialization of society, (2) the main natural systems cycles, (3) toxic chemicals in the environment, (4) industrial ecology in firms, and (5) policy-making in the context of industrial ecology. The papers address critical issues such as recycling, solar energy, chemicals in agriculture, industrial innovation, and international perspectives.

Wann, David. 1996. Deep Design: Pathways to a Livable Future. Island Press. Washington DC and Covelo, CA.
This book presents deep design as a creative process working within natural constraints and with inspiration from the dynamics of natural systems. Wann offers concepts and cases in chemical production, electronics, energy, agriculture, and urban planning.

Journals and special issues

Journal of Industrial Ecology is edited at Yale University by Reid Lifset at the Program on Solid Waste Policy, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 205 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-2106.
Subscribers have electronic access to the full journal and can subscribe electronically only.
A second site at Yale, where the Journal is edited, is another valuable source of information on industrial ecology.

Côté,  R. P. & Ashford, N. 1997. Special Issue on Industrial Ecology. Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 4, Number 4, Elsevier, Oxford.

Watz, Jill et al, Ed. 1996. Special Issue on Environmentally Conscious Design and Manufacturing at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, International Journal of Environmentally Conscious Design & Manufacturing. Vol 5, No. 3-4. ECM Press, Albuquerque, NM.

Industrial Metabolism

Ayres, Robert. U. and Simonis, Udo. E. 1994. editors, Industrial Metabolism -- Restructuring for Sustainable Development, UN University Press, Tokyo.

Ayres, Robert U. 1994. "Industrial Metabolism: Theory and Policy," in Allenby, Braden R., Richards, Deanna, ed. Greening Industrial Ecosystems, Washington DC. Available through National Academy of Engineering Press Office (202-334-3313 or 1-800-642-6242)

Judith E. M. Klostermann (Editor), Arnold Tukker Editors. 1997. Product Innovation and Eco-Efficiency : Twenty-Two Industry Efforts to Reach the Factor 4 (Eco-Efficiency in Industry , Vol 1)

Wackernagel, M. and William E. Rees, Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island. 1996. The most comprehensive publication about the ecological footprint concept. An illustrated introduction to the sustainability dilemma and the ecological footprint concept with over a dozen case studies. (a full bibliographyon the footprint)

Dynamic Input-Output Modeling

Duchin, Faye & Lange, Glenn-Marie, The Future of the Environment: Ecological Economics and Technological Change, Oxford University Press,1994A. In U.S. 1-800-451-7556. This book is a detailed IO analysis of the Brundtland Report, Our Common Future. The authors' analysis challenges central assumptions of this landmark work on sustainable development.

Duchin, Faye, "Industrial input-output analysis: Implications for industrial ecology." in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, Vol. 89, Number 3, pp. 851-855, February 1, 1992A, Washington DC.

Duchin, Faye. 1996. Household Lifestyles: The Social Dimension of Structural Economics. Manuscript submitted to the United Nations University, which funded this research on the impact of family lifestyle changes on sustainability in Indonesia was done. 

Life Cycle Assessment & Design for Environment

Keoleian, Gregory A. (ed). 1994. Product Life-Cycle Assessment to Reduce Health Risks and Environmental Impacts. Noyes Press. Park Ridge, N. J.

Keoleian, Gregory A., ed. 1997. Industrial Ecology of the Automobile : A Life Cycle Perspective. Society of Automotive Engineers.

Allenby, Braden R. 1994. Integrating Environment And Technology: Design For Environment. in Allenby, Braden R., Richards, Deanna, ed. 1994 Greening Industrial Ecosystems, Washington DC. National Academy Press Office

 Gradual, T. E. & Allenby, B. R., Industrial Ecology 1995,  Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.. This first university textbook on IE focuses on extensive review of design for environment and life-cycle assessment methods.

Product-Life Extension and the Service Economy

Giarini, Orio and Stahel, Walter, The Limits to Certainty: facing risks in the new service economy. 1989/1993. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht and Boston, MA.

Stahel, Walter. 1994. “The Utilization-Focused Service Economy: Resource Efficiency and Product-Life Extension,” in Allenby and Richards, Greening of Industrial Ecosystems, National Academy of Engineering, Washington DC,. Available through the National Academy Press Office (202-334-3313)

Regulation and Competitiveness

Powers, Charles W. and Chertow, Marian R. 1997. Industrial Ecology--Overcoming Policy Fragmentation. in Chertow, Marian R. and Esty, Daniel C. ed. 1997. Thinking Ecologically: The Next Generation of Environmental Policy, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. Papers generated from a series of four expert workshps held at Yale's Industrial Environmental Management Program in the Spring of 1996.

Porter, Michael E. & van der Linde, Claas. 1995A "Green and Competitive: Ending the Stalemate," Harvard Business Review, Sept.-Oct., pp 122-134. Cambridge, MA. A systems view of competitiveness with case studies and quantitative research indicating that well-designed environmental regulations drive innovation in the whole production process and product design. These innovations increase the productivity of resource use, building overall competitiveness. Includes criteria for regulations that will support this process.

Porter, Michael & van der Linde, Class. 1995B. "Toward a New Conception of the Environment-Competitiveness Relationship," Journal of Economic Perspectives 9, no. 4, Fall. An extended discussion of the ways in which environmental regulations need to  change to provide better incentives for improved environmental performance by business.

Industrial Ecosystems and Eco-Industrial Parks

Ayres, Robert. 1996. "Creating industrial ecosystems: a viable management strategy?" International Journal of Technology Management, Vofl. 12, Nos 5/6, Special Issue.

R.P. Côté, et al. Designing and Operating Industrial Parks as Ecosystems. School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Management, Dalhousie University. Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 1B9. 1994.

Engberg, Holger. 1995. "The Industrial Symbiosis at Kalundborg", in Gladwin, Thomas, Freeman, Tara, Ed. 1995. Business, Nature and Society: Towards Sustainable Enterprise, Richard D. Irwin, Burr Ridge IL 1995.

Frosch, Robert A., and Nicholas E. Gallopoulos, Strategies for Manufacturing, Scientific American (Special Edition, September 1989), pp. 144-152. The first popular description of the industrial ecosystem concept.

Gertler , Nicholas. 1995. Industrial Ecosystems: Developing Sustainable Industrial Structures. Dissertation for Master of Science in Technology and Policy and Master of Science in Civil and Environmental Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.
Gertler's dissertation is the most comprehensive review of conditions for creating intercompany by-product exchanges. He gives a detailed description of the exchange pattern at Kalundborg, the Zero Emissions Research Initiative, regulatory changes needed, and organizational options for creating and managing such exchanges.

Giannini-Spohn, Suzanne. "Designing Indusrial Ecosystems Tool." Washington, DC: USEPA, 1997. The Designing Industrial Ecosystems Tool (DIET) is a computer software program, including a linear programming optimization model, designed to aid decision makers and planners in identifying combinations of industrial facilities that exhibit economic and environmental potential for an eco-industrial park at a given site.

Lowe, Ernest A., Moran, Stephen R., and Holmes, Douglas B. 1997. Eco-Industrial Parks: a handbook for local development teams. Indigo Development.

Lowe, Ernest A. 1997. "Creating By-Product Resource Exchanges for Eco-Industrial Parks, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 4, Number 4, an industrial ecology special issue, Elsevier, Oxford.

Martin, Sheila et al. 1995. Developing an Eco-Industrial Park: Supporting Research, Volume 1, Final Report, Research Triangle Institute Project Number 6050, Research Triangle Park, NC. Includes a case study and papers on regulations and technologies needed to support EIP development. To order write RTI Information Services, POB 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

Nemerow, Nelson L. 1995. Zero Pollution for Industry, Waste Minimization Through Industrial Complexes. 217 pp. John Wiley & Sons, NY.
In the late 1970s this researcher started developing an engineering approach to forming complexes of companies using each other's "wastes" as feedstocks. His book first reviews the economics of solid waste management and strategies for in-plant reduction and reuse. Then the second half of the text details 10 possible complexes (or co-located materials exchange patterns) involving 16 different industries. Nemerow's emphasis on solid waste exchange reflects his experience as a waste management engineer, however he does cover water and energy to some extent. There is no reference to industrial ecology, Kalundborg, the Zero Emissions Research Initiative, or other parallel work.
review of Nemerow's book

President's Council on Sustainable Development. 1996. Eco-Efficiency Task Force Report. Includes detailed reports on the PCSD's four EIP demonstration sites: Baltimore MD, Brownsville, TX, Cape Charles VA, and Chattanooga TN. Available from PCSD 202-408-5296 or on the web at

Spurlock, J. M., Ward, H. C. 1980. Systems-Integration Requirements for the Synergistic Co-Siting of Industrial Activities. US Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service publication PB81-150294. Washington, DC.

Schwarz, Erich J. 1996. "Recycling-Networks: A Building Block Towards a Sustainable Development," International Solid Waste Association, 1996 International Congress Proceedings.

Wallner, H.P. 1997. "Regional Embeddedness of Industrial Parks--Strategies for Sustainable Production Systems at the Regional Level," Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 4, Number 4, an industrial ecology special issue, Elsevier, Oxford.

Sustainable Agriculture

Elizabeth Ann R. Bird, Gordon L. Bultena, John C. Gardner, ed. 1995. Planting the future: developing an agriculture that sustains land and community. Iowa State University Press. Ames Iowa

Gliessman, Stephen R. ed.. 1990. Agroecology : Researching the Ecological Basis for Sustainable Agriculture  (Ecological Studies, Vol 78) Springer-Verlag, NY.

Gliesman, Stephen R. 1998. Agroecology: Ecological Processes in Sustainable Agriculture. A textbook and lab manual. Ann Arbor Press. Chelsea MI

Netting, Robert M. 1993. Smallholders, Householders : Farm Families and the Ecology of Intensive, Sustainable Agriculture. Stanford University Press. Stanford, CA

Soule, Judith and Piper, Jon K. 1992. Farming in Nature's Image : An Ecological Approach to Agriculture. Island Press, Washington DC
This book offers a provoking  analysis of the environmental unsustainability of conventional industrial agriculture and a vision of how farming can be shifted to an ecological model. The authors detail this vision in terms of temperate prarie ecosystems. The book  is essential reading for any industrial ecologist seriously seeking to model industrial systems upon natural systems.

Lev R. Ginzburg (Editor). Assessing Ecological Risks of Biotechnology (Biotechnology Series, Vol 16)

Margaret G. Mellon Biotechnology and the Environment : A Primer on the Environmental Implications of Genetic Engineering

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